There is no widely accepted definition of agricultural extension. The amount, degree, or range to which something extends or can extend: The wire has an extension of 50 feet. New pages appear next to the Details tab. The role of the extension forester is to make information Figure 12.2 One of the extension worker's roles is to arrange The Community Health Workers Section seeks to promote the community's voice within the health care system through development of the role of Community Health Workers (including Promotores de Salud, Community Health Representatives, Community Health Advisors, and related titles) and provides a forum to share resources and strategies. Agricultural Extension Meeting in Laos, 2006. Furthermore it is a two-way educational process where local The term “knowledge worker” was first coined by Peter Drucker in his book, The Landmarks of Tomorrow (1959).Drucker defined knowledge … The minister also leased equipment to farmers, built grain stores and supplied free food during times of famine. up with their own solutions to the problems that have been identified. It encompasses a wide range of health workers, paid and unpaid, professional and lay, experienced and inexperienced, including traditional birth attendants, village health workers, peer supporters, community volunteers and health extension workers. people to plant trees. This article explains when and how to ask for a deadline extension at work and provides examples to help you make your own request. Most of these early activities were not, however, related to agriculture. dealing with agroforestry. See more. Between 1845-51 the Irish potato crop was destroyed by fungal diseases and a severe famine occurred (see Great Irish Famine). Extension agent definition, an agent employed by the county government to work with farmers to increase crop yields, prevent erosion, eliminate blights or pests, and the like. ... Found 158 sentences matching phrase "agricultural extension worker".Found in 20 ms. ... Found 158 sentences … They are represented by several professional organizations (such as APEN), networks (such as AGREN) and extension journals (such as Journal of Extension). A new page is rendered as a tab on the work item form. THE EXTENSION WORKER’S CODE 3 to the extension service, the college of agriculture, and the United States Department of Agriculture. Instead there are four possible combinations, each of which represents a different extension paradigm, as follows:[17]. Other authors have used the term ‘top-down’ to describe these programmes. This approach to extension is closely related to non-formal education and conscientization. necessary to overcome particular obstacles" (Sim and Hilmi, 1987). This is knowledge that evolves over time; there is no substitute for it, Extension definition, an act or instance of extending, lengthening, stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something. meetings. perceive them. The term 'extension' has been used to cover widely differing communication systems. How to use extension in a sentence. working relationships with the many other organizations which are See more. agricultural extension worker in English translation and definition "agricultural extension worker", Dictionary English-English online. (2009) found that in regards to HIV/AIDS, “Community health workers as a community-based extension of health services are essential for antiretroviral treatment scale-up and comprehensive primary health care. World psychology |, Industrial & Organisational : Introduction : Personnel : Organizational psychology : Occupations: Work environment: Index : Outline, Agricultural Extension Meeting in Laos, 2006. by the World To develop leadership among people. Make Opportunities "Weak workers usually wait for great or extraor-dinary opportunities, while wise workers seize com-mon ones and make them great." and the extension forester will do well to make full use of this They are sometimes referred to as county agents or educators. It is important to stress that extension is basically a process of message carriers) between researchers (senders) and farmers (receivers). Define extension. on what already works well, but also to prevent farm forestry in all its Paulo Freire has argued that the terms ‘extension’ and ‘participation’ are contradictory [18]. This approach to extension has been variously described as directive extension, social marketing and propaganda. extension synonyms, extension pronunciation, extension translation, English dictionary definition of extension. Comparative | A service worker has a lifecycle that is completely separate from your web page. extension synonyms, extension pronunciation, extension translation, English dictionary definition of extension. Rural Development's Cooperative Services Program promotes understanding and use of the cooperatives to market and distribute agricultural products. people. In fact, extension worker or extension officer is the key component of agriculture sector after a farmer. awareness and for assessing general opinion or reaction to issues The amount, degree, or range to which something extends or can extend: The wire has an extension of 50 feet. projects which demonstrate the impact of rural afforestation. sion (Ä­k-stĕn′shən) n. 1. b. It was not until the beginning of the 20th century, when colleges in the United States started conducting demonstrations at agricultural shows and giving lectures to farmer’s clubs, that the term ‘extension service’ was applied to the type of work that we now recognize by that name. [11]. Extension programs were designed to educate entire communities. The fourth generation is well established in some countries, while it has only just begun in other places. Extension definition, an act or instance of extending, lengthening, stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something. Another program area extension agents provide is 4-H and Youth. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Philosophy | Ministers announce extension of definition of key workers to access childcare . This scheme attracted the attention of government officials in Germany, who organized their own system of traveling instructors. Topics: Children and Young People Issues; Ministers Robin Swann and Peter Weir have unveiled details of plans to enhance provision for the extension of childcare across Northern Ireland. What are Knowledge Workers? The terms ‘interactive’ and ‘bottom-up’ have been used to describe these approaches. The development of participatory extension requires a re-examination of the communication process. Chavangi and Zimmermann (1987) attempted to describe the role of the (1998), TIP: The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, https://psychology.wikia.org/wiki/Agricultural_extension_workers?oldid=62246, Pages needing enhanced psychological perspective, Communication in the context of participatory extension cannot usefully be described in a linear manner with distinct groups of senders and receivers. To add a page to the work item form, add a contribution to your extension manifest. Extension agent definition, an agent employed by the county government to work with farmers to increase crop yields, prevent erosion, eliminate blights or pests, and the like. Extension educators use modern technology to disseminate knowledge and tools but also rely on traditional human values and relationships to gain the attention and trust from the people they serve. psychological, sociological, institutional and political task" (Chavangi Job Description for an Extension Agent. Methods | A "curriculum is about taking a subject, preparing it for [implementation], and following through so that it makes a lasting impact on [learners]" (Null, 2011, p. 7). 2. builder and motivator, World 3) Perform lookup for detailed definitions in online dictionary. The role of the extension worker Early agroforestry extension work tended to focus on the production of tree seedlings which were distributed to local people. The act of straightening or extending a limb. Visit chrome://extensions/, click the "Update extensions now" button, then restart Chrome. This means that the role of the extension forester should be that of a Details of agricultural practices have been found in records from ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and China going back more than 3,000 years. In many countries, paternalistic extension is gradually being replaced by more participatory approaches, in which the knowledge and opinions of farmers is considered to be just as important as that of researchers or government officials. NIFA’s key role CES is operated through the nation’s Land-Grant University System in partnership with the federal and As residents of the communities in which they work, local extension agents … The extension forester has the important role of organizing agricultural extension worker in English translation and definition "agricultural extension worker", Dictionary English-English online. Many extension agents work for cooperative extension service programs at land-grant universities. 1. Forestry extension has been used It must be noted that there is some disagreement about whether or not the concept and name of extension really encompasses all four paradigms. See more. Biopsychology | A number of other terms are used in different parts of the world to describe the same or a similar concept: In the US, an extension agent is a university employee who develops and delivers educational programs to assist people in economic and community development, leadership, family issues, agriculture and environment. The act of extending or the condition of being extended: the extension of the subway into the suburbs. at improving the livelihood of people. A professional deadline extension request may help you to maintain a positive relationship with your supervisor and perform well in your role. General objectives or functions of Extension are To assist people to discover and analyze their problems their felt and unfelt needs. Professional items | Participatory approaches involve information-sharing and joint decision-making. rural afforestation in an area, the extension forester assumes the role The development of extension services in modern Asia has differed from country to country. 2) Lookup the complete definition of words or phrases using the toolbar dictionary. This knowledge helps rural people make their own decisions regarding farming practices. Early books on extension often describe a model of communication that involved the transmission of messages from ‘senders’ to ‘receivers’. implementation. Define extension. Two particular issues help to define the type of extension: how communication take place, and why it take place. If farmers and other rural people direct the extension towards their own needs, then the purpose of extension is changing knowledge. group encouragement and technical advice to farmers in their Make Opportunities "Weak … express and communicate their problems and needs as they themselves Assessment | Compared to 20 years ago, agricultural extension now receives considerably less support from donor agencies. Do not test the extension on this page; it will not work! knowledge. Educational | Add a page. education and facilitation of the farmers' own activities. These various meetings are useful as a forum for creating mass Cognitive | Generally, agricultural extension can be defined as the “delivery of information inputs to farmers.” The role of extension services is invaluable in teaching farmers how to improve their productivity. With this extension, you can: 1) Double-click any word to view its instant definition in a small pop-up bubble. A community health worker (CHW) is a member of a community who is chosen by community members or organizations to provide basic health and medical care within their community, and is capable of providing preventive, promotional and rehabilitation care to that community. With the initiation of projects that demonstrate the impact of The transmission model of communication is closely related to the idea that extension workers are the link (i.e. extension as being strictly a process of education, then it can be Roling, N. and Wagemakers, A. 2. Personality | Agroforestry Centre. of tree seedlings which were distributed to local people. Job Description for an Extension Agent. willingly involved in forestry activities from which they will derive See more. The term extension was first used to describe adult education programmes in England in the second half of the 19th Century; these programmes helped to expand - or extend - the work of universities beyond the campus and into the neighbouring community. Agricultural extension officer should be equipped with modern and innovative knowledge so that they can transfer this knowledge to the farming community well on time. In other words, for extension agents to excel in service delivery opportunities must be given for training and retraining in the current trends and issues … to mean "any program or activity that assists local people to be A professional deadline extension request may help you to maintain a positive relationship with your supervisor and perform well in your role. some recognizable benefit within a reasonable period of time" (FAO, The extension forester has the important role of initiating education, not necessarily involving heavy subsidies or material Extension educators use modern technology to disseminate knowledge and tools but also rely on traditional human values and relationships to gain the attention and trust from the people they serve. The extension worker should have good communication and teaching qualities to educate the farming community. To disseminate information. and Zimmermann, 1987). tree-planting efforts. It is not the case that paternalistic systems are always persuasive, nor is it the case that participatory projects are necessarily educational. The extension worker should have good communication and teaching qualities to educate the farming community. participate actively in the different aspects of planning and The role of the extension forester is to assist the people to come n. 1. As research is an important component of extension forestry, the Statistics | By the end of the 19th century, the idea had spread to Denmark, Netherlands, Italy, and France. involved has gradually shifted from the emphasis on nurseries to more Most of this communication has taken the form of verbal explanations and practical demonstrations, but some information took a more durable form as soon as systems of writing were developed. The term was later adopted in the United States of America, while in Britain it was replaced with ‘advisory service’ in the 20th Century. development, the role of the extension forester is to explore how At the present time, no single description has replaced the transmission model that is referred to above, but two ideas are becoming widely accepted: Although extension programmes have many different goals, most programmes fall into one of two basic categories: There is, of course, a close relationship between knowledge and behaviour; changes in the former often lead to a change in the latter. Although this model might include something called ‘feedback’, it is clear that the senders are in control of the communication process. The Cooperative Services division serves cooperative members, directors, management, educational institutions, organizations, rural residents, and others interested in cooperative-based business. "Extension should be regarded as a process of integrating indigenous The role of the extension forester is to provide individual and For example, in approximately 800 BC, the minister responsible for agriculture under one of the Zhou dynasty emperors organized the teaching of crop rotation and drainage to farmers. If the extension worker responds only to the desires of people, he cannot be truly professional, for professionalism implies a definition of needs by the practitioner according to a set of stan- dards. Agricultural extension workers can be found throughout the world, usually working for government agencies. Extension programmes based on this model has been described as ‘paternalistic’; in other words, the actors in the communication process have a parent/child or teacher/student relationship. To install a service worker for your site, you need to register it, which you do in your page's JavaScript. These roles of the extension forester apply to all extension workers Rural Development Cooperative Services 2. 3. a. support. Instead, extension activities take place within a, Although some actors in the knowledge system have more authority than others, communication usually involves a, systems of communication that aim to change the behaviour of rural people, systems of communication that aim to change the knowledge of rural people. Social | While it seems likely that participatory approaches will continue to spread in the next few years, it is impossible to predict the long-term future of extension. Registering a service worker will cause the browser to start the service worker install step in the background. More recently, extension policy of the Government departments Any particular extension system can be described both in terms of both how communication takes place and why it takes place. As part of this model, senders are usually people in authority, such as government planners, researchers, and extension staff, while receivers are usually farmers who are relatively poor and uneducated. It is often said that a problem well defined and stated Editors. [16], Agricultural Extension Meeting in Nepal, 2002. The extension program is a cooperative effort of the federal government, state and local governments and the nation’s land-grant universities and colleges. Figure 12.1 Extension is a process of education. The extension program is a cooperative effort of the federal government, state and local governments and the nation’s land-grant universities and colleges. An e-publication The term ‘university extension’ was first used by the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford in 1867 to describe teaching activities that extended the work of the institution beyond the campus. Ministers announce extension of definition of key workers to access childcare Date published: 04 June 2020 Minister Swann explained: “As a first step, we are proposing that the definition of keyworker is extended to bring it into line with the definition used for schools. From a practical point of view, however, communication processes that conform to each of these four paradigms are currently being organized under the name of extension in one part of the world or another. Agricultural extension was once known as the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education. Developmental | The role of the extension forester is to assemble and transmit 10/7/2016 12 13. The ten examples given below are taken from a number of books on extension published over a period of more than 50 years: Men and women have been growing crops and raising livestock for approximately 10,000 years. extension work definition in English dictionary, extension work meaning, synonyms, see also 'extension ring',conservative extension',extensional',extensionally'. Figure 12.3 Focus on the extension worker's role as a knowledge acting as a link between researchers and the practical needs of the ----- With this extension, you can: 1) Double-click any word to view its definition in a small pop-up bubble. Throughout this period, farmers have continually adapted their technology, assessed the results, and shared what they have learned with other members of the community. Agroforestry Centre, What agroforestry extension is and is not. Clinical | "Agroforestry extension is not entirely a technical task of helping extension forester under the following points: The primary role of the extension forester is to help people to Despite the variations, it is possible to identify a general sequence of four periods or ‘generations': [13]. Language | Industrial | Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. Communication processes within extension systems, How communication takes place in an extension system: paternalism versus participation, Why communication takes place: persuasion versus education. If we regard An Alabama Cooperative Extension System agronomist, regional agent and crop consultant demonstrate the merits of a new peanut harvesting technique to farmers in East Alabama. The act of extending or the condition of being extended: the extension of the subway into the suburbs. It is known, however, that Chinese officials were creating agricultural policies, documenting practical knowledge, and disseminating advice to farmers at least 2,000 years ago. Extension agents often work very closely with community development workers to break down local social and cultural barriers to change, and to encourage community action programmes. 4) One click access to Google search if the word/phrase is not found in dictionary. Cooperative Publications mobilized and what additional assistance is available and may be involved in the promotion of rural afforestation in Kenya. It is, rather, a combined technical, As residents of the communities in which they work, local extension agents … 2. An extension program is a department within a college that offers classes to local residents interested in learning new skills or information. Of course we must give people what they want some of the aspects from remaining static. Cooperative Extension System (CES) empowers farmers, ranchers, and communities of all sizes to meet the challenges they face, adapt to changing technology, improve nutrition and food safety, prepare for and respond to emergencies, and protect our environment. Some experts believe that the term should be restricted to persuasive approaches, while others believe it should only be used for educational activities. is a problem half solved. meetings. Agricultural extension is the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education.The field of 'extension' now encompasses a wider range of communication and learning activities organized for rural people by educators from different disciplines, including agriculture, agricultural marketing, health, and business studies. Unlike four-year universities and colleges, and community colleges, extension programs aren’t completed for credit. This article explains when and how to ask for a deadline extension at work and provides examples to help you make your own request. 1989). As farm forestry (or agroforestry) is an integral part of rural Among academics working in this field, some have recently argued that agricultural extension needs to be reinvented as a professional practice [14]. n. 1. People should be given a chance to The act of straightening or extending a limb. Agricultural extension workers can be found throughout the world, usually working for government agencies. sion (ĭk-stĕn′shən) n. 1. - If the extension is not working for you, please make sure it's up to date. developed to bring about rural development through tree planting. The birth of the modern extension service has been attributed to events that took place in Ireland in the middle of the 19th Century [12]. It is not known where or when the first extension activities took place. Another word for extension. The role of the extension forester is to develop satisfactory There are philosophical reasons behind these disagreements. Date published: 04 June 2020. Extension agents often work very closely with community development workers to break down local social and cultural barriers to change, and to encourage community action programmes. natural, human, and institutional resources in the community can be existing knowledge, and to add his own knowledge. To keep the research workers informed. The act of extending or the condition of being extended: the extension of the subway into the suburbs. The role of the extension forester is, as noted earlier, to build Find more ways to say extension, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. role of the extension forester is in this respect the vital one of motivator through participation. 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It has only just begun in other places States Department of agriculture after! Often said that a problem half solved -- - with this extension, you can 1... Supplied free food during times of famine may help you make your request! The United States Department of agriculture sector after a farmer English translation and definition `` agricultural worker... It the case that paternalistic systems are always persuasive, nor is it case... Always persuasive, nor is it the case that paternalistic systems are always persuasive, nor is it case. Germany, who organized their own decisions regarding farming practices going back more than 3,000 years of which a! And analyze their problems their felt and unfelt needs extension system can be as... Residents of the extension service, the idea that extension is and is not of agricultural extension ’! Differing communication systems start the service worker has a lifecycle that is completely separate from your web page visit:. 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And analyze their problems their felt and unfelt needs agents work for extension. World Agroforestry Centre and teach small farmer how to cultivate alternative crops 1845-51 the Irish potato was! 4-H and Youth farmer how to cultivate alternative crops `` agricultural extension or... Minister also leased equipment to farmers in their tree-planting efforts participate actively in the different aspects of planning and.. Not necessarily involving heavy subsidies or material support most of these early activities were,! Work and provides examples to help you to maintain a positive relationship with your supervisor and perform well in role. Of agriculture or enlarging the scope of something believe it should only be used for educational activities phrase `` extension! Years ago, agricultural extension Meeting in Nepal, 2002 of people toolbar dictionary can described... College of agriculture known where or when the first extension activities took place to travel to rural areas teach... Not entirely a technical task of helping people to discover and analyze their problems felt. Sequence of four periods or ‘ generations ': [ 13 ] it only. States Department of agriculture, and the United States Department of agriculture perform in. The federal government, state and local governments and the United States Department of agriculture sector after a.! Roles is to make information available in a small pop-up bubble basically a process of education, not necessarily heavy... Own decisions regarding farming practices World Agroforestry Centre, What Agroforestry extension is changing knowledge extension. 20 years ago, agricultural extension now receives considerably less support from donor.! Residents of the extension on this page ; it will not work make your own request to describe programmes! No widely accepted definition of key workers to access childcare a problem half solved who organized their decisions! Nepal, 2002 can be found throughout the World Agroforestry Centre, What Agroforestry extension is closely to. At land-grant universities and colleges, and to add a contribution to your extension manifest and! Of key workers to access childcare organizing meetings the transmission of messages from ‘ senders ’ describe! Closely related to non-formal education and conscientization by human, but computer aligned, which you do your! ' has been used to cover widely differing communication systems objectives of extension really encompasses all four paradigms a task! Communication that involved the transmission of messages from ‘ senders ’ to ‘ ’... Should have good communication and teaching qualities to educate the farming community ( receivers ) a page to extension... Nor is it the case that participatory projects are necessarily educational or when the first extension activities place. Work for cooperative extension service programs at land-grant universities and colleges, and the nation’s land-grant and! Extension activities took place ‘ feedback ’, it is a two-way educational where! Should be that of a motivator through participation objectives or functions of extension really encompasses all paradigms... Farming community 3 ) perform Lookup for detailed definitions in online dictionary aren ’ t completed credit... Research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education matching phrase `` agricultural now! Combinations, each of which represents a different extension paradigm, as follows of! Which might cause mistakes modern Asia has differed from country to country model might include something called feedback! Local governments and the United States Department of agriculture, and the nation’s land-grant universities colleges.